I’ve put together here a very incomplete list of common biblical terms. With the top bullets I try to replicate conventional theologically-oriented evangelical thinking and with the bottom bullets I reach out for a more historically-grounded understanding of these Biblical concepts.
- Tells of the world’s perfect creation and subsequent fall into sin; foreshadows the spiritual redemption of humanity through the spotless sacrifice of Christ.
- Tells of Israel’s troubled priestly existence in the midst of hostile pagan nations; foreshadows the establishment of a viable priestly kingdom over those same pagan nations.
- As the sinless God-man, Jesus dies for our sins so that we might enjoy a right relationship with God in this life and the next.
- As the obedient prophet to Israel, Jesus brings about the end of pagan domination over the nations for the sake of his people in accordance with God’s will.
- The triumph of God’s people over personal sin and its eternal consequences through the power of the Holy Spirit and the atoning blood of Christ.
- The triumph of God’s people over their concrete cultural and political enemies (i.e. Babylon) brought about by faithful eschatological suffering in emulation of Christ.
Kingdom of God
- The will of God as he calls individuals to repentance and belief in Christ’s atoning death.
- The will of God as he calls rebellious nations into obedience to Christ so that his people might serve him in safety as a priestly community.
- A post-mortem “not-guilty” legal standing awarded to believers through faith in the substitutionary death of Christ.
- Assurance that God will eventually publicly vindicate his churches despite opposition from pagans and Jews.
Wrath of God
- The post-mortem punishment that befalls unbelieving sinners for their sins.
- The concrete punishment applied through historical circumstances that abolishes and transforms idolatrous systems for the sake of God’s people.